Affect or Effect?
These words can be confusing even for native English speakers. Especially, since many people pronounce them the same way.
Here’s a basic guideline for affect vs effect:
Generally, we use affect as verb (an action word) and effect as a noun (an object word).
What does affect mean?
Affect means to act on; produce an effect or change.
e.g. “The cold weather badly affected the crops.” (it produced a bad change in the crops)
If you can substitute affect with another verb, you’ll know you’re using the right word: “The cold weather damaged the crop.”
What does effect mean?
Effect is most commonly used as a noun, meaning “result” or “consequence.” So, try to use result in place of effect and see if it makes sense.
e.g. “His sunburn was an effect of exposure to the sun.” His sunburn was a result of exposure to the sun.
Here is a way to remember the difference.
Affect is a
Effect is a